U.S. Military Compared to China`s
U.S. Military Compared to China`s

U.S. Military Compared To China Military

The supreme goal of every nation is to defend its residents and citizens from every invading enemy.  Technological advancement has brought into existence many new and powerful weapons. This has contributed to the strengthening and enhancement of the entire defense system. However, access to these resources varies from country to country, and thus some countries are more powerful than the others. U.S. and China are two world powers with U.S. being the first world power and China the third o the ranking. These two countries are considered arch-rivals. Here’s a detailed comparison of the countries considering some essential factors:

Military Service Age and Obligation

The age for voluntary military service in the U.S. is 18 years without conscription. The duration of service obligation is 8 years without gender segregation. The age for selective military conscription is 18-24 years with a commitment of 2 years. The age criterion is 18-19 years for women (high school graduates) who fulfill the requirement for certain military jobs women are also allowed in combat roles.

Military Branches

The U.S. military has majorly five branches: U.S. Army, U.S. Air force, U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Coast Guard. China has five branches as well: China People Liberation Army (PLA) has five military branches, namely the Ground Force, the Navy, the Air Force, the Rocket Force, and the Strategic Support Force. 

Manpower for Military Service

 Annually, about 73, 270, 043 males and females reach military significant age. However, currently, the active military personnel in the U.S. military are over 1 281 900. On the other hand, in China, about 385, 821, 101 males and females reach military significant age annually. However, currently, the active military personnel in the Chinese military are over 2 300 000.

Air Force

The U.S. Air Force has 12 304 aircraft with 4 889 helicopters, 587 attack aircraft, 2 192 multirole aircraft, 457 fighter aircraft.  Whereas, China’s Air Force has 4 182 aircraft with 1, 170 helicopters, 270 attack aircraft, 629 multirole aircraft, and 1,170 fighter aircraft. This statistics gives China a 34% capacity of The U.S. total aircraft capacity as the highest in the world.

Navy

The U.S. Navy has a fleet strength of 437, 20 aircraft carriers, 71 submarines, no frigates and corvettes, and 85 destroyers. On the other hand, China’s Navy consists of fleet strength of 520, 2 aircraft carriers, 76 submarines, 54 frigates, 42 corvettes, and 36 destroyers. China has the highest total Naval in the world, and U.S. total naval is 56% of China’s.

Army

The U.S. Army has a tank strength of 6 393, AFV (Armored Fighting Vehicle) strength of 41 760, SPG (self-propelled gun) strength of 950, Rocket Projectors strength of 1 197 and total artillery strength of 3 269. On the other hand, the Chinese Army has a tank strength of 7 760, AFV (Armored Fighting Vehicle) strength of 6 000, SPG (self-propelled gun) strength of 1,710, Rocket Projectors strength of 1,770 and towed artillery strength of 9 726. The U.S. Army has 32% of Russia’s tanks capacity, while China has 39% of Russia’s capacity. Russia has the highest total tank capacity in the world.

Nuclear Defense

 The U.S. military has a strategic nuclear force that consists of 6,500 stockpiled nuclear warheads since that’s the highest any country can possess. On the other hand, the Chinese military has a nuclear force consisting of 280 nuclear warheads, and that makes a wide margin.

Expenditure on Military

The percentage of GDP spent by U.S. on its military expenditures has been 3.1%, 3.2%, and 3.4% in the years 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively. The percentage of GDP spent by China on its military expenditures has been 2.0%, 1.9% in the years 2017, 2018, respectively, and in 2019, the budget increased by 7.5%.

REFERENCES

https://www.statista.com/statistics/810841/ratio-of-military-expenditure-to-gross-domestic-product-gdp-united-states/ Retrieved on June 15, 2020

https://armedforces.eu/compare/country_USA_vs_China Retrieved on June 15, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Armed_Forces#:~:text=The%20United%20States%20Armed%20Forces,Space%20Force%2C%20and%20Coast%20Guard. Retrieved on June 15, 2020

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Liberation_Army#:~:text=The%20PLA%20encompasses%20five%20main,and%20the%20Strategic%20Support%20Force. Retrieved on June 15, 2020

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